Topical vitamin A, also known as retinol or retinoids, is an all-star ingredient in anti-aging skin care products used by those who want to treat fine lines and wrinkles and achieve smoother, clearer skin. It lightens age spots and discolouration, smoothes skin texture, boosts collagen production, which increases skin’s firmness and elasticity, and treats acne.
How does retinol work?
- Retinol regulates and normalizes skin cell functions.
- Retinol prevents collagen breakdown by inhibiting the rise of an enzyme called collagenase.
- Retinol speeds up skin cell turnover.
- Retinol works to prevent an over production of oil, which make pores appear smaller. It also helps rid the skin of acne-causing bacteria.
Who it’s for: All skin types and those who want to treat signs of aging such as fine, lines, wrinkles, as well as sun damage and acne.
When to use: At night. Apply after cleansing and toning and before applying a moisturizer. First-time users should build skin tolerance gradually.
Do not use retinol products if you are pregnant, lactating or planning to become pregnant. Mild redness, peeling and irritation are expected when using retinol products. Always use sunscreen and limit sun exposure while using retinol products.